Dietary Fiber Intake Not Associated With Hip Fracture Risk in Older Men
- May 27, 2021
- Posted by: BeTranced Online Holistic Healing Centre
- Category: Blog
Dietary fiber consumption shouldn’t be related to incident hip fractures in males, in line with research outcomes revealed in Vitamin and Well being.
Prior research information have prompt that dietary fiber could also be protecting towards bone mineral density (BMD) loss on the femoral neck in males. Nonetheless, it stays unclear whether or not dietary fiber consumption additionally reduces the chance for incident hip fractures.
To additional perceive the connection between fracture danger and dietary fiber consumption, the researchers of the present evaluation collected information from males enrolled in 3 present cohort research, together with the Framingham Osteoporosis Examine (FOS) Unique cohort; the FOS Offspring cohort; and the Harmony Well being and Ageing in Males Undertaking (CHAMP). Every of those research is a longitudinal, community-based cohort of older adults who have been adopted up with for age-related medical outcomes, together with osteoporotic fractures. Every research captured dietary fiber consumption by a Meals Frequency Questionnaire or food plan historical past. Incident hip fractures have been outlined as a medically confirmed first incidence of osteoporotic fracture on the proximal femur.
Cox proportional hazard fashions have been used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) for incident fracture based mostly on dietary fiber ranges. A random-effects mannequin was used to estimate the pooled danger for fracture within the mixed cohort. Fashions have been adjusted for age, physique mass index, peak, bodily exercise stage, and food plan parameters together with complete vitality consumption, complete calcium consumption, and dietary high quality.
The research enrolled 367 males from the FOS Unique cohort, 1730 males from the FOS Offspring cohort, and 782 males from the CHAMP cohort. Imply age of contributors was 75.3±5.1 years within the FOS Unique cohort; 58.8±9.8 years within the FOS Offspring cohort; and 81.4±4.5 years within the CHAMP cohort. Median dietary fiber consumption within the FOS Unique, FOS Offspring, and CHAMP cohorts was 18.2 g/day (interquartile vary [IQR], 13.4-24.7 g/day), 17.6 g/day (IQR, 13.5-24.6 g/day), and 26.3 g/day (IQR, 21.1-32.7 g/day), respectively. Imply follow-up length was highest within the FOS Offspring cohort (11.0±5.9 years), adopted by the FOS Unique cohort (8.5±6.2 years) and the CHAMP cohort (5.2±1.5 years).
A complete of 72 incident hip fractures have been noticed (24 within the FOS Unique cohort, 19 within the FOS Offspring cohort, and 29 within the CHAMP cohort). Dietary fiber was not considerably related to danger for incident hip fracture in line with any analyses. Pooled danger for hip fractures was barely decrease in tertile 3 vs tertile 1 of dietary fiber consumption, however the distinction was not statistically important (HR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.39-1.66; P =.56).
Examine limitations included using self-report to seize dietary fiber consumption, which can have led to underestimates. Additional, fashions weren’t adjusted for using osteoporosis remedies, which can have confounded the noticed affiliation between food plan and fracture danger.
“The sooner noticed affiliation displaying a modest inverse relationship of dietary fiber with femoral neck BMD loss will not be adequate to confer additional safety towards hip fractures,” the researchers wrote. “Future research are warranted to confirm the connection between fiber consumption and bone fractures.”
Disclosure: Two research writer(s) declared affiliations with biotech, pharmaceutical, and/or gadget firms. Please see the unique reference for a full record of authors’ disclosures.
Dai Z, Hirani V, Sahni S, et al. Association of dietary fiber and risk of hip fracture in men from the Framingham Osteoporosis Study and the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project. Nutr Well being. Printed on-line Might 4, 2021. doi:10.1177/02601060211011798