- By Andrew Kennard
A religious chief who was nationally famend for revitalizing Native American faith and advocating for Native rights, Chief Leonard Crow Canine (Sicangu Lakota), handed away shortly after midnight on Sunday, June 6 on Crow Canine’s Paradise on the Rosebud Indian Reservation. Chief Crow Canine leaves behind his spouse JoAnn Crow Canine and plenty of youngsters and grandchildren. He was 78.
“Wakened early this morning and laid there pondering,” Leonard Crow Canine Jr, Chief Crow Canine’s son, stated in a publish on Fb. “The teachings of my dad and mom whom now each reside within the spirit world. Respect, compassion, generosity, love, kindness and care.”
Chief Crow Canine, who was descended from a line of 4 Lakota medication males, was educated by his dad and mom and elders from the Rosebud Sioux tribe. He discovered conventional Lakota traditions, songs, and ceremonies that had been handed down for generations and stored the data alive as a drugs man for the tribe. Later in life, Chief Crow Canine and Richard Erdoes created a e-book titled Crow Dog: Four Generations of Indian Medicine Men, which instructed the story of Chief Crow Canine’s influential ancestors. Chief Crow Canine was additionally a longtime member of the Native American Church.
“As a religious advisor on our methods, you realize, he was actually essential in resurrecting our Solar Dance,” stated Rodney Bordeaux, president of the Rosebud Sioux tribe and Chief Crow Canine’s cousin. “Resurrecting our Solar Dance and loads of religious methods. You realize, again within the day, loads of our ancestors needed to cover to apply our methods…it was in opposition to the legislation.”
In 1970, the management of the American Indian Movement (AIM) requested Chief Crow Canine to develop into the group’s religious chief.
“And [Chief Crow Dog] instructed them, to ensure that that group, for that motion to outlive, they should have a religious base,” stated Lenny Foster (Diné), who was with Chief Crow Canine at key campaigns in AIM’s historical past, together with AIM’s takeover of Wounded Knee in 1973. “So he took them to the sweat lodge ceremony and inspired their participation in utilizing the pipe of their prayers… he was a robust instructor of conveying these ceremonial methods of not solely the Lakota individuals however the Indian world.”
Chief Crow Canine supplied religious steerage throughout AIM campaigns, together with protests after the homicide of Raymond Yellow Thunder, the Longest Walk protest to Washington D.C, and the siege of Wounded Knee, amongst different AIM campaigns. Bordeaux stated he was “instrumental in selling the passage of American Indian Religious Freedom Act” in 1978 in a statement on indianz.com.
“Leonard Crow Canine was a younger medication man, and he helped the American Indian Motion by means of these methods, as a result of the American Indian Motion was actually the one group that was prepared to tackle the USA authorities and ask that they comply and implement the treaty rights,” Foster stated.
In 1973, the American Indian Motion occupied the hamlet of Wounded Knee for 71 days in protest of the Oglala Lakota tribal authorities, which was aligned with the targets of the U.S. federal authorities. Throughout the next siege by U.S. legislation enforcement, Crow Canine handled wounded AIM members with conventional natural medication and led a Ghost Dance. He was jailed by the U.S. authorities following Wounded Knee and launched after two years because of public stress.
“Effectively, I at all times revered the truth that he instructed us to have religion. To by no means doubt your prayers. To stay accordingly,” Foster stated of Chief Crow Canine. “One instance was in Wounded Knee, one morning we had been having a sweat lodge cleaning and purification ceremony and a firefight broke out. Everybody within the sweat lodge wished to expire for worry of getting shot whereas within the sweat lodge. However he instructed us to think about our prayers, to remain, to proceed to wish and sing, after which we completed the 4 rounds, we exited the sweat lodge, we regarded round, and the firefight had stopped. And there was no bullet holes within the sweat lodge, and nobody was harm.”
Chief Crow Canine was a religious chief and elder within the Rosebud Sioux tribe till the top of his life. He granted forgiveness in a December 2016 ceremony at Standing Rock the place veterans apologized for the hurt they, and the USA as a complete, brought on Native Individuals. On Might 19, he advocated for the reclamation of the Black Hills on the Oceti Sakowin gathering of Sioux tribes.
“We’re not white individuals, we’re Lakota. And that’s principally the idea for a way I’m [going to] take a look at him is be pleased with who you might be,” Bordeaux stated. “Pray. And proceed our methods. That’s his story. All the time maintain the younger ones, future generations, be certain they’re okay. Make a future for them. All of the tales come down round that.”
Conventional Lakota providers had been held for Chief Crow Canine at midday on Monday at Crow Canine’s Paradise close to Rosebud, South Dakota and had been adopted by burial providers. The Rosebud Sioux tribe was closed Monday in his honor and can fly all flags at half employees all week.
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