Bread is among the many earliest ready meals, with archeological proof of it relationship again greater than 10,000 years. A major supply of nourishment for humankind, bread is replete with mythology, custom and ritual. Scripture provides some tremendous examples.

Bread is talked about tons of of instances within the Bible and seems as a life-giving religious meals, a sacrifice and an indication of God’s love for humankind. Probably the most important expression of that love is discovered within the Eucharist, once we share within the breaking of the bread, the sacrifice made in order that we’d have everlasting life.

Even earlier than the Final Supper, Christ foretells this saving grace when he tells a crowd, “I’m the bread of life” (Jn 6:35). “I’m the residing bread that got here down from heaven; whoever eats this bread will dwell perpetually; and the bread that I’ll give is my flesh for the lifetime of the world” (Jn 6:51).

After we eat bread, we’ve the power to dwell on earth. After we partake within the Eucharist, we’ve the sustenance essential to transcend the world and dwell perpetually with God.

Comprised of two important elements, grain and water, bread has an extended and interesting historical past. Its earliest kind was probably a paste that was thrown on a scorching rock to prepare dinner. The artwork of bread making is claimed to have been honed by the traditional Egyptians. That heritage is honored in Egypt, the place bread is known as “aish,” which means life.

In biblical lands across the time of Christ, bread was constituted of wheat, barley, millet and spelt. Girls took on the intensive course of of constructing bread each day. It concerned harvesting the grain, threshing, winnowing, milling it by hand into flour and making ready the dough. They may have taken their dough to “bakers’ avenue” (Jer 37:21) for skilled baking. In any other case, dough was baked or fried at residence.

Jesus’ breaking of the bread on the Final Supper is a Jewish custom. Initially of a meal, the top of family blesses the bread with this prayer: “Blessed are you, Lord our God, king of the universe, who brings forth bread from the earth.” The bread is damaged after which shared with all on the desk.

Normally, once we take into consideration bread within the Bible, the unleavened selection involves thoughts due to its important presence at Passover and the Final Supper. However bread leavened with wild yeast or ferments was frequent.

Within the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus compares the motion of increasing dough to heaven: “The dominion of heaven is like yeast {that a} lady took and blended with three measures of wheat flour till the entire batch was leavened” (Mt 13:33).

This recipe makes a kind of leavened flatbread that individuals within the Center East have eaten for at the very least 4,000 years. Pita takes much less time to make than a loaf of bread and is a wonderful automobile for on-the-go meals.

It takes about 10 minutes to divide the pita dough and roll it out into disks. (CNS photograph/Nancy Wiechec)


Lively time: half-hour

Nonactive time: 1.5 hours

Servings: 8 pitas


1 cup lukewarm water

2 teaspoons energetic dry yeast

1 tablespoon honey

1 1/4 cups (180 grams) complete wheat flour

1 1/2 cups (180 grams) unbleached all-purpose flour

1 teaspoon kosher salt

1 tablespoon extra-virgin olive oil


Combine the water, honey and yeast within the bowl of a stand mixer. Let it sit for five minutes.

Add the flours, salt and olive oil to the yeast combination and blend with a dough hook for about 2 minutes till all elements come collectively in a shaggy dough. Cowl the bowl with plastic wrap or a clear damp towel and let the dough relaxation for quarter-hour.

Take away the quilt. With the mixer on low, knead the dough for five minutes till it’s easy and elastic. If the dough appears too sticky, add a tablespoon extra of all-purpose flour.

Type the dough right into a ball and place it in an oiled bowl. Cowl with plastic wrap and permit the dough to rise till doubled in measurement, about an hour.

Gently deflate the dough and switch it out onto a calmly floured work floor. Divide it into 8 equal items and form every bit right into a ball.

Utilizing a rolling pin, roll every ball right into a circle about 6 inches vast. Raise and switch the dough as you roll so it doesn’t persist with the work floor. Add extra flour to the floor if the dough begins to stay.

Place the circles of dough on a sheet of parchment paper. Cowl with plastic wrap or a clear damp towel whereas the oven preheats.

Place a baking stone or a heavy baking sheet on the center rack of the oven and preheat to 450 levels.

When the oven is prepared (it’ll take an excellent half-hour to preheat), rigorously switch 2 to three disks of dough at a time onto the baking floor and bake for 4 to five minutes till the pitas absolutely puff up.

Take away the pitas from the oven with a large spatula and funky on a rack. Repeat with the remaining circles of dough.

Fill the pitas with meat, cheese and veggies. Or reduce them into triangles, calmly toast and serve with hummus or one other favourite dip. You possibly can retailer cooled pitas in a zip-close bag for as much as 3 days.

Word: Precisely measuring elements for bread is vital. This recipe offers the flour measurements in cups and grams. If in case you have a kitchen scale, use it to measure the flour in grams. If not, calmly spoon the flour right into a measuring cup and stage the highest with a straight edge. Packing the flour into the cup or scooping it up from the bag results in incorrect quantities.